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A self-made man

Besides being a revered orator and a prolific writer, he is also a caring son and a man with his brand of humour. Those who have been associated with him for long are of the opinion that the idea of power is exciting to him. Next time you wonder how he could garner so much of national attention, think of this. He underwent a rigorous training in the US on public relations and image management. When it comes to taking lessons on brand building, Modi says there's no greater inspiration than Mahatma Gandhi. His eulogies about Gandhi come from the fact that "He spoke of Ahimsa but carried a stick. He never wore a cap but the world wears a Gandhi Topi." Modi's careful metamorphosis from a Hindutva party man to a pro-development leader and change maker speaks volumes for his image-building ability. His two-year long escapade into the Himalayas and co- mingling with the yogic sadhus gave him a fair understanding of Hinduism. That partly explains why people listen to him in rapt attention when he talks of ideologies.

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Early days in Politics

Narendra Modi was drawn to politics in his early teens and was a member of Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh (RSS). During the 1960's India-Pakistan war, even though he was only a young boy, he volunteered to serve soldiers traveling through railway stations. As a youth, he became a member of the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad, a student body involved in anti-corruption. After having worked full time with them, he was then nominated as its representative in the BJP. Modi was also a campaigner in the RSS during his years in college and took on the task of encouraging the party members. Partnering with Shankersingh Vaghela, Modi began a strong cadre base in Gujarat. Narendra Modi has come from a humble background and is known for his simple lifestyle. He has a reputation of being a workaholic and introvert. Mr. Modi has tried to change his image from that of a Hindu Nationalist politician to that of a sincere administrator. The party began getting political attention and formed a coalition government in April 1990. After this, the BJP came to power in Gujarat in 1995. During this period, Modi was responsible for the Somnath to Ayodhya Rath Yatra and a similar trek from Kanyakumari in Southern India all the way up to Kashmir in the north. A careful observation of his rise to the national podium would evince how he remained glued to his fundamentals - continuing agitations during the nationwide Emergency, organizing Murli Manohar Joshi's Ekta yatra (journey for unity), and impressing everyone with electoral strategy ahead of the 1995 state elections. As BJP tasted victory, Modi relished his newly ordained post of the party's General Secretary. The workaholic and loyal 'sevak' moved to New Delhi to take up the new responsibility of managing the party's activities in Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. Three summers whizzed past and Modi already had the post of National Secretary of the BJP under his kitty.

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Face of Development - Favorite among the leaders of India Inc

Modi frequently refers to his P2G2 (Pro-people good governance) formula to substantiate his claims on holistic development. Some observers are of the opinion that Gujarat has been able to improve its agricultural output despite being a semi-arid state. The credit is given to the Gujarat government's measures to scale up groundwater projects and initiatives to increase the use of micro-irrigation. India Inc. is almost unanimous in their verdict. They want Narendra Modi as the next PM. Reason? They seek a strong leadership that has a clear road-map and actionable plans ready for execution. Indian business leaders from Ratan Tata to Mukesh Ambani seem to be convinced that for India to come out of its Gross Domestic Paralysis, a visionary and decisive leadership is essential. Empirical evidence suggests that Gujarat has been able to position itself as a lucrative destination for investment. Under his aegis, according to a political commentator, the level of corruption receded and technology parks have seen the light of the day. His iconic call for "Minimum Government and Maximum Governance" has frequently struck the chord with the masses. With so many brand images of Narendra Modi existing in a juxtaposed manner, it is to be seen which one suited his greater agenda and helped him in winning the 2014 Lok Sabha polls.

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Modi calls himself a non-political chief minister.His favorite slogan is less government and more governence

When modi became chief minister of Gujarat in October 2011,he immediately embark on what were essentially supply-side reforms.Thus refers to the idea that by making it easier for people to produce goods and services -to supply the needs of individuals and industry-the economy will be stimulated and growth will occur,along with lower prices and incomes,or at least relatively higher incomes.

The best way in which growth can be stimulated is not deficit funding but reducing taxes and regulations-by slimming down government and reducing its influence and reach.The state can also help by investing in infrastructure and incentives that allow people to work more easily and more efficiently:roads,irrigation,education,health care .By simulating growth it can then sustain investment -focused budget deficits as Gujarat has tried to do.

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Narendra Modi's Family Tree

In the later years of the 19th century, a person by the name of Maganlal Ranchhoddas left home to set up a grocery store in Vadnagar. Maganlal had a son, Mulchand, who took over his father’s small shop. Mulchand’s son, Damodardas, was born in 1915. Damodardas’s third child was Narendra.

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Modi's Sibblings

Modi’s eldest brother Som, completed school education, a diploma course in sanitary inspection, and then became a sanitary inspector in the Public Health Department.

The Second brother, Amrit, finished schooling, did a course at the Industrial Training Institute (ITI), and became a Turner in a private company in Odhav.

Narendra’s only sister, Vasanti was born after him.

Prahlad and Pankaj are his two younger brothers; neither of them went in for higher studies. After completing his studies at school level, Pankaj did a course in journalism and joined the information department of the Gujarat government.

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Some Interesting facts about Narendra Modi in his childhood

According to his eldest brother Sombhai, Narendra conditioned himself to a rigorous life. He gave up eating salt, chillies and oil, but he liked his jiggery. Eventually he gave up that too. Another astonishing fact was that the young Narendra never quarrelled with his siblings. If he felt that he had been wronged in any way by a member of the family, he would go into a sulk and maintain maun(silence) for hours, refusing to speak to anyone till he got over his anguish and anger.

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Leaders are not born, they should be made. PM Narendra modi is a self made man.

Leaders are not born, they should be made. PM Narendra modi is a self made man. Brief story of Narendra Modi from Tea seller to Prime Minister of India.

Narendra Damodardas Modi was born to Damodardas Mulchand Modi and Heerabeb on 17th September, 1950. He was born in a lower middle class family in Mehsana District, Gujarat. He did his schooling from Vadnagar. According to his teachers, he was an average student but had great interest in debates and social activities. As a teenager Modi and his brother ran a tea stall.

Modi has become full-time member of RSS in 1971. He has completed his graduation in 1978 and post graduation in 1983. Parallely he has taken charge of Sangh Pariwar’s student wing- Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP) in Gujarat. Modi led a tough life as RSS pracharak.

During the stormy phase of emergency (1975-1977) when social and political organisations were facing ban, Modi and formed the government on its own continued his campaign against the central government covertly. Under the leadership of Jayaprakash Narayan, Modi did his bit to strengthen the movement against the Emergency. During this period, he authored a book - 'Sangharsh ma Gujarat' (Gujarat's struggle).

Modi’s orientation in BJP:

1985 – Modi was first inducted in BJP on RSS’ recommendation

1988 -- He became the organising secretary of BJP's Gujarat unit, which was his first prominent entry into politics

1991 -- His induction into party's national executive in 1991 happened following his efforts to garner support for Murli Manohar Joshi's Ekta Yatra (journey for unity)

2001- 7th October, appointed as Gujarat’s Chief Minister

(2002-2007) – Modi focused on making Gujarat an attractive investment destination by emphasising on economic growth and good, corruption- free governance.

2007 – Modi managed to win the 2007 election, bagging 122 of the 182 seats.

(2007- 2012)- During the third term, Modi worked to turn around the agriculture industry of Gujarat, launching a successful project to improve groundwater tables.

2012- The 2012 elections came as no surprise to anyone as the BJP swept the assembly once again, winning 115 out of the 182 seats.

2013 - The year 2013 proved extremely fruitful for Modi as he projected himself on the center stage. The BJP elected him as Chairman of the Central Election Campaign Committee of the BJP

2014 - BJP won the 2014 general elections with a landslide mandate. Narendra Modi took oath as the Prime Minister of India on 26th May 2014

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Development in Gujarat by Narendra Modi

What Narendra Modi did for Gujarat

Gujarat before Narendra Modi:

Many skeptics argue that the wheel of prosperity of Gujarat was already spinning when Narendra Modi had stepped in. It is a fact that, Gujarat had achieved 35% of its prosperity before Modi became the Chief Minister of Gujarat. Besides, if we take into account the industrial development of the state, it is evident that between the periods of 1960–1990 Gujarat had already established itself as a prospering state and was well ahead of the other states in terms of industrialization. Gujarat had been leading in industrial sectors like petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, engineering, textiles, chemicals, dairy, cement, ceramics and gems and jewelry, to name a few. From 1994 to 2002 (the post–liberalization period) Gujarat’s State Domestic Product (SDP) had touched an average of 14% per annum. But just as a good ship is useless without a competent captain, a prospering state can go downhill in no time in the absence of proper leadership. During his three tenures as the Chief Minister of Gujarat, Narendra Modi has provided that indispensable leadership, steering the state towards greater economic goals and ensuring sustainability to the growth and development of Gujarat.

Efforts of Narendra Modi

Efforts of Narendra Modi for the extensive industrialization in Gujarat:

Gujarat today is the hub of industrialization and the state of Gujarat happens to be the first choice amongst the potential corporates, industrialists and investors. However, it is to be noted that the industrialists and investors are hardly concerned with the position that Gujarat holds in the economic development index of the states of India. It is the personality of Narendra Modi, who with his pro – business attitude and prompt delivery of validations necessary for industrialization had created the right ambience for industrialization efforts and a just work atmosphere, that they are attracted to. When the Tata Nano project was ousted from West Bengal by the Trinamool Congress and social activists, Modi not onlywelcomed the Nano project but had also delivered the necessary permissions for the project in just three days time.

So, when Modi had liberalised Gujarat for private investment – entrepreneurs, industrialists and investors started flocking to Gujarat. In Modi, they had found the perfect supporter of their cause for all intents and purposes. They found Modi’s beckoning irresistible, not only because it was unique but also the positive attitude that Modi had towards expanding business and his bang on deliveries. The business tycoon Anil Ambani now happens to be one of the significant members of the Modi lobby and in the Vibrant Gujarat conference had actually advocated the candidature of Modi as the future Prime Minister of India in the 2014 elections. The next important industrial personality to support this was Sunil Mittal.

Even the grisly riots of 2002, which had claimed the life of nearly 2,000 people, could not deter the prosperity of Gujarat for long. While Modi was accused of involvement in the said riots, he was granted a clean chit by the Supreme Court appointed Special Investigation Team, absolving him of all the allegations so far.

While the skeptics may argue that a comparison with China is basically pointless because the country as a whole is far ahead of our nation, a fact just to highlight Gujarat’s economic development would be that, Gujarat’s automobile industries sector and the diamond polishing sector is almost at par with the China’s Guangdong industrial province. A survey conducted by the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industries of India reconfirms the fact that, Gujarat has recorded the highest of investment propositions both in value and numbers amongst all other states of India in the last five years. Gujarat is the present day choice of international giants like the Tata Group and Ford. So Gujarat stays ahead while the other states of the nation are still plagued by low investments and unemployment. As aptly commented by Prashant Agarwal, the Mumbai-based columnist for the business newspaper Mint, ‘I meet guys who marvel at the efficiency of Gujarat. The red tape, the bureaucracy, are gone. Gujarat is open for business. On the social front, sure more can be done, but that’s true anywhere (in India). Modi is generating jobs.’

A practical yardstick for the development of Gujarat under the Modi Government would be the biennial Vibrant Gujarat conclave. In the said conference the state showcases its strong points and the conference is attended by eminent businesspersons, potential investors and interested industrialists, in fact, the Who’s Who of India. In the last Vibrant Gujarat conclave of 2013, industrial pillars of our country like Mukesh Ambani and Ratan Tata had personally congratulated Modi on his successful attempts in the industrialization of Gujarat through his concerted efforts of making red tape vanish, strict anti–graft measures and his consistent accommodation of the industrialization through dispersion of dispute free lands. It needs to be mentioned here that, Japan and Canada had participated in the Vibrant Gujarat conference of 2013, as country partners, which reaffirms the significance of the growth and development of the state under the Modi Government in the global perspective. Simply put, Vibrant Gujarat can now be recognized as a nationwide platform for the assemblage of the important industrialists and investors who can make a discernable difference and gather here for the preparation of their future investment blueprints. Despite the UPA II Government’s drastic efforts to throw a scare in the potential investors attending the Vibrant Gujarat conference of 2011 with income tax investigations, two years later the Vibrant Gujarat conference of 2013 continued to radiate success.

In short, the business centered attitude, the unique executive style and the foresight of Narendra Modi is the reason behind the effulgent and radiant Gujarat of today, a state which otherwise would not have been branded for prosperity (and that too both in the national and global perspective) without a leader like Modi at the helm.

Efforts of Narendra Modi for FDIs in Gujarat:

Unlike Odisha, the state of Gujarat lacks in natural resources which might have enhanced the interest of the foreign investors aiming for a particular natural resources sector. But the business acumen of Modi has made it possible to attract FDI even in the limited feasible sectors that Gujarat has to offer, a credit that obviously goes to Modi despite the fact that as a state Gujarat is a late starter and does not have a definite metropolis to boast of.

Efforts of Narendra Modi for curbing unemployment in Gujarat:

The NSSO survey data of 2009–2010 claims that Gujarat has an employment problem which in reality is ridiculous. Gujarat, as per the survey reports of Labor Bureau of India, 2012, happens to record the lowest unemployment rate of only 1% as compared to all the other states of the nation, where the national unemployment rate is estimated at 3.8% by the same report. The short claim for the MGNREGA in the state is a yardstick of the significantly high employment rates among the rural poor. It needs to be mentioned here that, Gujarat also records the highest employment rate among urban women as compared to the other states of the country.

Efforts of Narendra Modi for the eradication of poverty in Gujarat:

In fact, the estimations of the Human Development Index which features Gujarat in the fifth position after Kerala is also grossly misleading. Take for instance the issue of the population of the state below the poverty line. Planning Commission Survey data confirms that Gujarat has recorded a sharp curbing of poverty from 31.6% in 2004–2005 to 23% in 2009–2010. The steep fall in the rural poverty is also commendable and exemplary, from 39.1% to 26.7% in the last five years and all this had been achieved through the aggressive focusing and addressing of the respective issues by the Modi Government.

Efforts of Narendra Modi for the betterment of women and children of Gujarat:

It is also to be noted that quite contrary to the data furnished by the Human Development Index, the Modi Government is also proactive in specifically addressing issues like malnutrition or more precisely children welfare and improvement of the educational infrastructure. Narendra Modi personally had consistently advocated the causes for the girl child and had upheld the issue of power to women through variegated policies of empowering women. All these sustained efforts of Modi reflect in the healthy sex ratio of the state which had undergone a brilliant transformation under the excellent governance displayed by Modi. It also needs to be mentioned here that, the pre–natal and the post–natal medical facilities provided by the State Government has made Gujarat one of the states with the lowest child mortality rates – an impressive figure of 41 less when compared with the other states of the nation. Yojanas implemented by Narendra Modi for the integrated development of the state:

As the leader of the state Narendra Modi had implemented several Yojanas (plans) for the overall development of Gujarat. Some of these are:

Sujalam Sufalam : A program for an integrated development of water distribution, conservation and proper utilization in the state.

Chiranjeevi Yojana : To contain child mortality rates

Krishi Mahotshav : Research and development program to facilitate agricultural reforms

Panchamrut Yojana : A five point policy for enhancing the overall growth of the state

Beti Bachao : A concerted campaign to prevent female feticide and to maintain a healthy sex ratio in the state

Karmayogi Abhiyan : An extensive training and education program for the Government employees

Balbhog Yojana : Similar to the mid – day meal scheme to encourage children from extremely poor backgrounds to attend schools

Matru Vandana : A program for providing medical facilities under the Reproductive and Child Health Scheme

Kanya Kelavani Yojana : A program to initiate and enhance literacy in females as well as further educational developments

Jyotigram Yojana : A program for the provision of electric supply for all the villages

The Budget for 2013 – 2014 as designed by the Modi Government:

Some of the important points of the budget for 2013–2014 as furnished by the Modi Government are listed below:

A 75% increase in the grants for the Labor and Employment Division Appending of 5000 new seats in the ITIs and also inauguration of new ITIs in the tribal sectors Establishment of 48 new English medium primary schools with 18 for specifically tribal sectors Allocation of the Chief Minister Scholarship Fund for poor yet meritorious students 22 hospitals to be equipped with state of the art infant and nutrition care facilities

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